Introduction to Responding


Lesson Notes

As responder, with a fit for opener’s suit (3+ cards), bid like this:

   6-9 ponts. Raise partner's opening to 2 (1♠ P 2♠)
   10-12 points. Raise to 3(1♠ P 3♠)
   13+ points. Raise to game (1♠ P 4♠)

These bids are called Limit Bids, as they limit the points in the hand to within a certain range. When responder knows there’s a fit, their response may include any shortage points (in other suits), as these improve the trumping potential of the hand.

For each doubleton (2 cards in a side suit) add 1 point; each singleton (1 card in a side suit) add 3 points; and each void (0 cards in a side suit), add 5 points. Add shortage points only when a fit has been found. 

When there is no immediate fit, bid your own suit if you have 6+ points. Any new suit by responder is forcing, (opener must bid again), as the partnership is still trying to find a fit. If responder bids at the next level, in their own suit, because their suit is ranked below opener's, they show a stronger hand (e.g. 1♠ p 2♦ ).

Sometimes responder has 6 – 9 points, and none of the above. The recommended response is 1NT, a limit bid.


Minimum Hands

   With 6-9 points:  raise to two of suit opened (1♠ p 2♠) with  a three+ card fit
   6+points:             bid a new suit at the one-level (1♦ p 1♥) with your own suit
   6-9 points:           bid 1NT(1♠ p 1NT) with no fit (shows few than three spades)

Medium Hands
   10-12 points:       raise to three of suit (1♠ p 3♠) with 4 card fit
   10+ points:          Bid a new suit at the two-level (1♠ p 2♣)

Maximum Hands
   13+ points:          raise to game (1♠ p 4♠) with a fit
   13+ points:          bid 2NT or 3NT (1♠ p 2NT or 3NT) to show a balanced hand
   13+ points:          bid your own suit at the two level. (1♠ p 2(♣/♦/♥) with four+ cards in your own suit). 

Hand 1

Hand 2

Hand 3

Hand 4


Looking for more information? These books will help you learn the basic skills required to play bridge.






Test your knowledge

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