Introduction to Responding


Lesson Notes

Introduction to Responding  

As responder, with a fit for opener’s suit (3+ cards), bid like this:

   6-10 points. Raise partner's opening to 2 (1♠ P 2♠)
   11-12 points. Raise to 3(1♠ P 3♠)
   13+ points. Raise to game (1♠ P 4♠)

These bids are called Limit Bids, as they limit the points in the hand to within a certain range. When responder knows there’s a fit, their response may include any shortage points (in other suits), as these improve the trumping potential of the hand.

For each doubleton (two cards in a side suit) add 1 point; each singleton (one card in a side suit) add 3 points; and each void (no cards in a side suit), add 5 points. Add shortage points only when a fit has been found. 

When there is no immediate fit, bid your own suit if you have 6+ points. Any new suit by responder is forcing, (opener must bid again), as the partnership is still trying to find a fit. If responder bids at the next level, in their own suit, because their suit is ranked below opener's, they show a stronger hand (e.g. 1♠ p 2♦ ).

Sometimes responder has 6 – 10 points, and none of the above. The recommended response is 1NT, a limit bid. (Sometimes it's 6 to  a bad 12 points).


Minimum Hands

   With 6-10 points:  raise to two of suit opened (1♠ p 2♠) with  a three+ card fit
   6+points:                bid a new suit at the one-level (1♦ p 1♥) with your own suit
   6-10 points:           bid 1NT(1♠ p 1NT) with no fit (shows few than three spades)

Medium Hands
   11-12 points:       raise to three of suit (1♠ p 3♠) with 4 card fit
   13+ points:          Bid a new suit at the two-level (1♠ p 2♣)

Maximum Hands
   13+ points:          raise to game (1♠ p 4♠) with a fit
   13+ points:          bid 2NT or 3NT (1♠ p 2NT or 3NT) to show a balanced hand
   13+ points:          bid your own suit at the two level. (1♠ p 2(♣/♦/♥) with four+ cards in your own suit). 

Hand 1

Hand 2

Hand 3

Hand 4


Looking for more information? These books will help you learn the basic skills required to play bridge.






Test your knowledge

The quiz below may not work properly on some mobile devices. If you are having trouble using it, please click here to open the quiz in its own window.